To provide quality healthcare services in both traditional and modern medicines ii. To prevent, control, eliminate and eradicate diseases iii. To rehabilitate and promote healthy living iv.
The Alma-Ata Declaration of emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public healthand it identified primary health care PHC as the key to the attainment of the goal of Health for All HFA.
Following are excerpts from the declaration: The Conference strongly reaffirms that health, which is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, is a fundamental human right and that the attainment of the highest possible level of health is a most important world-wide social goal whose realization requires the action of many other social and economic sectors in addition to the health sector.
The existing gross inequality in the health status of the people, particularly between developed and developing countries as well as within countries, is politically, socially, and economically unacceptable and is, therefore, of common concern to all countries.
The people have a right and duty to participate individually and collectively in the planning and implementation of their health care. Primary health care is essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound, and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a Alma ata declaration 1978 that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination.
It forms an integral part both of the country's health system, of which it is the central function and main focus, and of the overall social and economic development of the community.
It is the first level of contact of individuals, the family, and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work, and constitutes the first elements of a continuing health care process. An acceptable level of health for all the people of the world by the year can be attained through a fuller and better use of the world's resources, a considerable part of which is now spent on armaments and military conflicts.
Inan International Meeting on Primary Health Care, held in AlmatyKazakhstan same city, changed name recognized the historical significance of the conference and the Declaration of Alma-Ata. It is useful to quote some of the reflections of leaders in the health sector with respect to the twentieth-anniversary meeting in Almaty on their reflections on Alma-Ata.
Considering the forces shaping the world, with both progress in health and growing inequalities, there is a place for 'a new universalism' in health: Commitment to primary health care, still a crucial part of the health sector twenty years after Alma-Ata.
Reduce disparity between the outcomes of poor and those better off, anchored in equity and solidarity.
It must be generated from within. Health action should not be imposed from the outside, foreign to the people; it must be a response of the communities to problems they perceive, supported by an adequate infrastructure.
This is the essence of the filtering inwards process of primary health care. Health 21 goes deeper into discussions of how PHC in our pluralistic societies at the end of the twenty-first century needs to be designed to embrace all the major components of lifestyles, environment, and health care issues.
The HAS programs evolved from being mainly hospital based—serving those who could reach the institution—to recognizing the importance of primary health care that can reach every person in the population.
This is accomplished through programs organized around three levels of health care: While there are modest financial charges for care, no one is denied care because of cost. The programs are built on extensive discussions and interactions with community people as well as with the government of Haiti.
A health information system provides data that directs care toward all in the population, with particular concern for those who may be in special need, such as people who live in remote mountain areas.
Responding to differential needs is an example of the pursuit of equity. Continuous interactions with government are oriented toward sharing knowledge and methods so as to benefit the larger population of Haiti.
The Declaration of Alma-Ata was a foundational event in the modern history of public health. While not all of its goals have been achieved, and the changing international health and development sector have called for adaptations of the PHC concept, there is no doubting the importance of Alma-Ata and its contributions through the concepts of Health for All and primary health care.
Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.The Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies (FAOPS) was established in following the Alma Ata Declaration of , and the first congress held in in Singapore.
Medicine: Medicine, the practice concerned with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease. Learn about the organization of health services, medical practices around the world, fields of medicine, alternative medicine, and clinical research.
Andrea Cesalpino: Andrea Cesalpino, Italian physician, philosopher, and botanist who sought a philosophical and theoretical approach to plant classification based on unified and coherent principles rather than on alphabetical sequence or medicinal properties.
He helped establish botany as an independent science. European Health for All Series No. 5 An introduction to the health for all policy framework for the WHO European Region World Health Organization.
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely absence of disease or infirmity (WHO Definition of Health ).
The Declaration of Alma-Ata was adopted at the International Conference on Primary Health Care (PHC), Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), Kazakhstan (formerly Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic), 6–12 September It expressed the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect .