Australian federalism

Federation[ edit ] Instigated by Henry Parkes ' Tenterfield Oration of 24 Octoberthe Australian Colonies conducted a series of constitutional conventions through the s. These culminated in a draft Constitution that was put to popular vote in the individual colonies, and eventually approved by the electors, after a final round of changes met the higher threshold of support required in New South Wales.

Australian federalism

Federalism in a changing Australia Friday, Australian federalism August Share this: But it is an important subject that effects each and every Australian. What it comes down to is — what services and projects do we expect Governments to provide, which Government should provide it and who should pay.

This is the very essence of our democracy.

Australian federalism

How about we educate ourselves so that each of us can be involved with this topic when it comes up in the 45th Parliament. The Australian Constitution outlines our federalism.

But the challenges facing Australia today are very different to the challenges that faced us when the Constitution was written. Does our federation need reform to better meet the needs of Australians in the 21st Century? What does federalism even mean? They were all self-governing well, sort of — they were British colonies and had two houses of Parliament, except Western Australia who did not gain the right to self-govern until Around that time the six colonies started to work on joining together and over about a decade they created our Constitution and System of Government.

What they designed was our federation, whereby the British colonies gave some of their powers to an overarching Federal Government and each of the colonies became a State. The Constitution that came into effect on 1 Januaryoutlined the power sharing arrangement between the new Federal Government and the States.

These powers included new and original powers that had not been previously exercised by the colonies, and old powers that were given up by the colonies. Some of these are exclusive powers and others are shared powers between the States and the Federal Government.

There are a couple of other bits and pieces in other sections of the Constitution that outline Federal power, but unless it is described in the Constitution, the power was designed to remain with the States.

At Federation it was pretty clear who had the power for what. Especially as many of those who helped write the Constitution were members of those early Parliaments.

But over time the situation has changed and it has become less clear which level of Government has the power for what. However, the complexity of modern society and a modern economy and the effects of globalisation mean that all federations have significant, albeit different, levels of overlapping responsibility.

Oct 13,  · The reform of Australia’s federation is under review, with a White Paper process currently underway. In this video recorded at ANU on Thursday . Australian federalism - a case study in pride and prejudice The states bring a vitally important role to the Australian political system, and they must never feel daunted by the David-and-Goliath. In partnership with the Australian National University’s Tax and Transfer Policy Institute at the Crawford School of Public Policy and with the University of Melbourne School of Government, we have asked leading Australian academics to begin a debate on renewing federalism, from tax reform to the broader issues of democracy.

Almost years after Federation, the Australian Federation now resembles more of a marble cake than a layer cake. There are many responsibilities that overlap between the Commonwealth and the States and Territories, with health and education as key examples.

So while Australia may have started as a layer cake, over time we have become more like a marble cake hope you know your cakes! These days many Australians tend to think of the States as junior partners in the power sharing relationship of federation.In partnership with the Australian National University’s Tax and Transfer Policy Institute at the Crawford School of Public Policy and with the University of Melbourne School of Government, we have asked leading Australian academics to begin a debate on renewing federalism, from tax reform to the broader issues of democracy.

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.

In today’s lecture I will summarise the various issues we take up in examining Australian federalism, look at the politics of the federal idea throughout Australian history, noting how the Commonwealth has been the consistent winner, state my own position that federalism is a good idea whose benefits are clearly established by the evidence.

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia.

Oct 13,  · The reform of Australia’s federation is under review, with a White Paper process currently underway. In this video recorded at ANU on Thursday .

The reason Australia has a federal Constitution is a negative one. It was due to fear from the colonies of domination by each other or by the new national government. Taken at its best, the adoption of federalism in preference to a unitary system was the necessary price of creating Australia as a nation. Federalism is not well understood by many Australians. It’s quite a difficult topic and most people tune out as soon as it’s discussed. But it is an important subject that effects each and every Australian. Parliament's development of federalism is quite different in kind from that of the High Court. Whereas the High Court sits in judgment over jurisdictional disputes between the Commonwealth and the States, the Federal Parliament is a major institutional player on the Commonwealth side.

Federalism in Australia was formally adopted on 1 January when the six self-governing Australian colonies federated as the Commonwealth of Australia. To this day Australia remains a federation of those six "original States" under the Commonwealth Constitution.

Australia is the fifth oldest federation in the world after the United States .

Federalism in a changing Australia | Constitution Education Fund Australia