Sense impulses and biological urges are common to animal and man alike.
The real soul is birthless, deathless, immortal, and infinite. The same real soul, under the spell of ignorance, appears as the apparent man identified with the body, mind and senses. But it must never be forgotten that rewards and punishments are spoken of only with reference to the reflected or apparent soul.
The real soul is forever free from the characteristics of the relative world. But the real soul is always free, illumined, and perfect. That which is not possessed of these attributes is said to be Unmanifest. Two souls are mentioned in the Vedas and the sciences that are based upon them.
Compare the ideas of self atman first which is called Jivatman; embodied soul is endued with the four attributes already mentioned, and has a longing for the four objects or purposes viz. This soul is called Manifest, and it is born of the Unmanifest Supreme Soul. I have always been intrigued, fascinated, befuddled, bewildered and at times confused by various overlapping terminologies employed in the scriptures of Indic tradition and most importantly its subsequent translation in to English language.
I have often wondered about oversimplification of the complex subject matter, in to a model based on Western understanding that may end up diluting or even subverting the fundamental precepts of Hinduism especially Vedanta. I have often wondered that by using such a logic are we stagnating ourselves at their point of reference in western world!
I am searching for the answers to some of the questions that I am raising here. I have searched and tried to digest thousands of pages on the web, along with texts of Vedanta books, by various authors, to understand and analyze the conceptual framework of various terms.
This article is my humble effort to explore meanings and implications out of those concepts as my own understanding is evolving. If it remains incomplete and even contradictory arising from my primitive knowledge of Sanskrit language it is because I am unable to synthesize and juxtapose various models on to each other to make a logical progression in my line of thinking.
The fault must lie with me not the thinkers of past. Readers are welcome to join and point out the varying concepts and thought processes so a sensible, coherent, cohesive and logical interpretation can be achieved in a meaningful manner, all the while maintaining the original concepts in as envisioned by our Rishis in Vedantic literature.
Is it Soul or soul? What is their relationship? Is Self synonymous with self?
I will start from a basic question in a simplified manner. I - What is a man? It can be answered as follows: A Man is body. Define what constitutes a soul. A man is a soul with a body. A man is Jivatman enveloped a body Define what is a Jivatman.
II - What is Soul in west? Let us begin with western view and its genesis and then we will move forward with eastern concepts in comparing the framework with concluding thoughts.
Reyes, Scientific Evidence of the Existence of the Soul The Soul in Christianity The Bible does not give a formal definition of specific concept of soul and hence Christian interpretations vary greatly.
The Creationist principle that God created individual and separate soul has been generally held as a mainstream doctrine of Christianity. Let me summarize various view points of Christianity from different sources here. They have sensations and thoughts, desires and beliefs and perform intentional actions.
Souls are essential parts of human beings Is Soul mortal or immortal as per Christianity?
Most Christians regard the soul as the immortal essence of a human entity and God either rewards or punishes the soul after death. This reward or punishment depends upon doing good deeds or merely upon believing in God and in Jesus.
This minority also believes the life of Christ brings immortality, but only to believers. The purgatory theory states the imperfect soul spends a period of time purging or cleansing before becoming ready for the end of time." What is enlightenment?
What is that state of Cosmic Consciousness, the ultimate awareness called variously - enlightenment, nirvana, satori, samadhi, self-realization, rapture, salvation, ascension, unity consciousness, voidness, and many other terms by many various religions? Brahman, along with Soul/Self (Atman) are part of the ontological premises of Indian philosophy.
underwent more profound development with the ideas of Vedanta school of Hinduism, particularly those of Adi Shankara's Advaita Vedanta, Ramanuja's Vishishtadvaita Vedanta, .
Atman & Brahman. The phrase "atman is Brahman" captures the Vedanta school's primary view about ultimate reality and our human relationship to it. The Vedanta school of Hindu thought is one of the largest and most dominant perspectives in Hindu philosophy. Now, that divine self may be hidden or covered over by hatred, envy, fear or other.
PUBLISHERS’ NOTE. The value of this great little work is evident even from a mere reading of its table of contents. It is a book of perennial interest and many-sided usefulness for self-culture, self-knowledge, acquisition of the power of personality and success in life. The alchemists thought that the opus demanded not only laboratory work, the reading of books, meditation, and patience, but also loveThe Practice of Psychotherapy.
PUBLISHERS’ NOTE. Instincts and appetites form a part of all life on earth. Sense impulses and biological urges are common to animal and man alike.