Enhancing interpersonal communication to become a

Development programmes can only realise their full potential if knowledge and technology are shared effectively, and if populations are motivated and committed to achieve success. Unless people themselves are the driving force of their own development, no amount of investment or provision of technology and inputs will bring about any lasting improvements in their living standards. Communication is central to this task in many ways.

Enhancing interpersonal communication to become a

Here, both sender and receiver are known as communicators and their role reverses each time in the communication process as both processes of sending and receiving occurs at the same time.

The communicators can be humans or machines but humans are taken as communicators in this article to analyze general communication between humans. The model is mostly used for interpersonal communication and is also called circular model of communication.

Due to this, it assumes the communicators to be independent and act any way they want. Since both sender and receiver are necessary to keep the communication alive in transactional model, the communicators are also interdependent to each other.

For example, transactional communication is not possible if the receiver is not listening to sender. The transactional model is the most general model of communication. Everyday talk and interactions are also a form of transactional model communication.

It is more efficient for communicators with similar environment and individual aspects. For instance, communication between people who know each other is more efficient as they share same social system.

In transactional model, efficiency and reliability of communicated message also depends on the medium used. For example, the same message might not be perceived by a person the same way when it is send through a phone and when it is provided face to face. It is because of possible loss of message on a phone call or absence of gestures.

Factors Affecting Transactional Model There are many factors directly or indirectly affecting the communication process in transaction model. These can be environmental noise or communication barriers. Environmental Noises can be Physical noise, physiological noise or psychological noise.

Transactional model relates communication to social reality of an individual or a group of people in social, cultural and relational contexts.

Their responses cannot be predicted because they all have different backgrounds and mental conditions.

Enhancing interpersonal communication to become a

Communication pattern depends on various factors such as physical, cultural, environmental, social, psychological, emotional, etc. Cultural systems, social systems and relational situations are the most over-powering elements of the communication in transactional model, while physical and psychological context has considerable effect on the communication, enhancing or undermining it.

Social Context Social context in communication refers to the norms, values, laws and other restrictions of a society to communicate within a specific limit. Society shapes the way a person communicates.

Some of the examples are: People can also learn communication from trial and error method, and its consequences ranges from social exclusion to embarrassment. Communication is not only for exchanging messages but also to create and establish relationship helping people in the formation of a community.

Cultural Context Cultural context is the lifestyle and identity of a person.

Transactional Model Concept & Example

Caste, class, race, ethnicity, gender, etc are the contexts which promotes communication. If two people are from the same cultural group, they will have better communication with each other. Cultural identities are made by communication. It changes the communication pattern of a person.

Marginalization of cultural groups oppress their communication with the other parts of the society. People become unsure of themselves when they communicate with intercultural groups. Some people also take it as unacceptable.

Enhancing interpersonal communication to become a

People have a closed mindset about the other groups of people they communicate with displaying the trait of Ethnocentrism. Experiences, attitudes, moods, cultural beliefs, social up-bringing, mindset, their sense of reality and many other factors affect the responses and the message exchange.

Relational Context Relational context of communication relates to relationship history and manners. A person talks with an old friend differently than a stranger. Manners take the role of communication when it is with strangers. Manners come from pre-established norms and values, and are more scripted making interaction difficult.

Type of relationship and the roles of people create differences in the way people communicate. Communication always occurs on the common systems of both the parties.

Criticisms of Transactional Model Without verbal response, the sender can not be sure that the receiver got the message as intended. Feedback is an important component in the communication process, especially in interpersonal communication as it gives a space to clarify misunderstandings.

Expectancy violations theory - Wikipedia

The transactional model gives the opportunity for a lot of noise because the communication is simultaneous. For example, when many people are talking at the same time in a meeting, the objective of the meeting will not be fulfilled.In summary, this essay has consisted of a discussion of the effects of social media on interpersonal relationships.

The present essay has acknowledged that at least to an extent, social media is surely successful at its basic purpose of enhancing relationships/5(14). Jun 21,  · Much of the current debate on automation focuses on mass unemployment.

Instead, we need to focus on what new skills are needed and develop a plan of action to . Ginger Levin, DPA, is a senior consultant and educator in portfolio management, program management, the project management office, metrics, and maturity assessments.

Between opportunities offered through health IT and enhancing interpersonal exchanges, experts need to strike a balance in patient-provider communication. By Sara Heath March 18, - The patient-provider relationship is the cornerstone of patient engagement.

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