The second from expands this to a national southern-dominated, by fact review of the varieties of brutality and range of justifications or circumventions of justice given for these terrorizing deaths. The third from resonates most today, as with the others mostly commentary on newsp Tough historical documents - the first from is narrowly focused on bringing to light the regularity of mob violent murders without justice for reasons far from the claimed "honor of our white women".
James Wells' father was a white man who slept with a black slave named Peggy. Before dying, Wells' father brought him to Holly Springs at 18 years old to become a carpenter's apprentice where he developed a skill and worked as a "hired out slave living in town.
One of ten children born on a plantation in Virginia, Lizzie was sold away from her family and siblings and tried without success to locate her family following the Civil War. He refused to vote for Democratic candidates during the period of Reconstructionbecame a member of the Loyal Leagueand was known as a "race man" for his involvement in politics and his commitment to the Republican Party.
Wells was one of eight children ultimately born to James and Lizzie Wells, and she ultimately enrolled in the historically black liberal arts college Rust College in Holly Springs formerly Shaw College.
In September oftragedy struck the Wells family when both of her parents died during a Yellow Fever epidemic that claimed three of her siblings also. Following the funerals of her parents and brother, friends and relatives decided that the five?
Wells resisted this solution. To keep her younger siblings together as a family, she found work as a teacher in a black elementary school in Holly Springs. Her paternal grandmother, Peggy Wells, along with other friends and relatives, stayed with her siblings and cared for them during the week while Wells was teaching.
But when Peggy Wells died from a stroke and her sister Eugenia passed away, Wells accepted the invitation of her aunt Fanny to bring her two remaining sisters to Memphis in Early career[ edit ] It is with no pleasure that I have dipped my hands in the corruption here exposed Somebody must show that the Afro-American race is more sinned against than sinning, and it seems to have fallen upon me to do so.
During her summer vacations she attended summer sessions at Fisk Universitya historically black college in Nashville. She also attended Lemoyne-Owen Collegea historically black college in Memphis. She held strong political opinions and provoked many people with her views on women's rights.
At 24, she wrote, "I will not begin at this late day by doing what my soul abhors; sugaring men, weak deceitful creatures, with flattery to retain them as escorts or to gratify a revenge.
The year before, the Supreme Court had ruled against the federal Civil Rights Act of which had banned racial discrimination in public accommodations. This verdict supported railroad companies that chose to racially segregate their passengers.
When Wells refused to give up her seat, the conductor and two men dragged her out of the car. Wells gained publicity in Memphis when she wrote a newspaper article for The Living Way, a black church weekly, about her treatment on the train. In Memphis, she hired an African-American attorney to sue the railroad.
When her lawyer was paid off by the railroad,  she hired a white attorney. The railroad company appealed to the Tennessee Supreme Courtwhich reversed the lower court's ruling in It concluded, "We think it is evident that the purpose of the defendant in error was to harass with a view to this suit, and that her persistence was not in good faith to obtain a comfortable seat for the short ride.
Wells' reaction to the higher court's decision revealed her strong convictions on civil rights and religious faith, as she responded: O God, is there no She was offered an editorial position for the Evening Star in Washington, DC, and she began writing weekly articles for The Living Way weekly newspaper under the pen name "Lola.
InWells was dismissed from her teaching post by the Memphis Board of Education due to her articles that criticized conditions in the blacks schools of the region. Wells was devastated but undaunted, and concentrated her energy on writing articles for The Living Way and the Free Speech and Headlight.
Wells was close to Thomas Moss and his family, having stood as godmother to his first child. Moss's store did well, and competed with a white-owned grocery store across the street, owned by William Barrett. The two boys got into an argument and a fight during the game. As the black boy Harris began to win the fight, the father of Cornelius Hurst intervened and began to "thrash" Harris.
The People's Grocery employees William Stewart and Calvin McDowell saw the fight, and rushed outside to defend the young Harris from the adult Hurst as people in the neighborhood gathered in to what quickly became a "racially charged mob.44 African Americans who shook up the world Intro by Kevin Merida / Portraits by Robert Ball.
T his is a list of The Undefeated 44, a collection of dreamers and doers, noisy geniuses and quiet. Southern Horrors and Other Writings: The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, (Bedford Series in History and Culture) Second Edition5/5(1). Ida B. Wells Southern Horrors and Other Writings Ida B.
Wells uses a straight-forward writing style to boldly prove multiple arguments against the wrongful accusations of the lynching, rape, and the gruesome murders set forth by the vile southerners. Ida B. Wells wrote about these true Southern Horrors with such cool-headedness, such deadpan delive This book is an investigative and journalistic look at lynching, from back when lynch law was a common thing (people were getting lynched, I mean burned alive, I mean hanged, I mean littered with bullets, and then pulled apart for souvenirs of /5.
Southern Horrors and Other Writings: The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, (Bedford Series in History and Culture) Second Edition. Wells is considered by historians to have been the most famous black woman in the United States during her lifetime, even as she was dogged by prejudice.