False Claims and the Existence of a Followership Chapter
The following are answers to some of the most common questions that ING and its affiliates across the country have encountered in that time. These answers reflect the fact that Islamic teachings are the product of a dynamic conversation among Muslim scholars and between the scholars and the laity who apply their best understanding of the primary sources of Islam rather than a fixed set of laws and regulations.
This points to the fact that Islam, like all religions, does not live or speak apart from the people who practice it. There is therefore no monolithic Islam, since, like any other religion, Islam exists only as it is understood and practiced by its adherents.
As in other faith traditions, Muslim scholars have developed varied positions and responses to the numerous questions and issues that have been raised and discussed over the past years in the various lands where Islam is practiced. These perspectives and resulting practices differ partly because of the diversity within the Muslim community in geography, ethnicity, culture, and age.
There are about 50 countries in the world today with a majority Muslim population, each having its own distinct history and culture or multiplicity of cultures. And there are sizeable Muslim minorities in many other countries, including the United States and virtually all the countries of Europe, that are living Islam in their own unique situations.
These Muslim communities likewise have a variety of cultures and histories and live in varied social, cultural, and political circumstances, all producing significant variety in the way that they understand and live out Islam.
Therefore, it is important to be clear that the answers to the following questions reflect the views of the American Muslim scholars that ING has worked with. In other words, we do not speak for or on behalf of all Muslims.
In most cases, however, the views of these scholars probably reflect the views of the majority of Sunni Muslims in the U. These issues cannot always be addressed by the laws of past eras or different cultures in Asia or Africa. Here, we attempt to address these questions in a way that is traditional, yet compatible with the realities of the American experience in the 21st century.
In these matters, we strive to be descriptive, respecting the diversity of Islam as lived religion, but our reference point is the Islam we believe in and practice as American Muslims; in most cases, but not necessarily all, this is in accord with Islam as believed in, practiced, and lived by the majority of Muslims worldwide.
We start from five basic principles that ING subscribes to as basic to our vision of Islam in America. We affirm and uphold the sanctity of all human life, the taking of which is among the gravest of all sins.
We affirm the right to freedom of thought, religion, conscience, and expression. We believe that God created us with all the diversity of race, religion, language, and belief to get to know one another, respect one another, and uphold our collective human dignity.
We believe that Islam is above all a religion of peace and mercy and that as Muslims we are obligated to model those traits in our lives and characters and to work for the good of our homeland and society, wherever that might be.
Wherever possible, we indicate which of these principles the basis for our responses to these questions is. Finally, it is important to note that most of the following questions are actual questions that were asked of our speakers, including some of the most repeatedly asked questions in an educational setting where we supplement curriculum relating to Islam and Muslims in the context of world history, social studies, or cultural diversity programming.
Islam is the name of a religion, as Christianity and Judaism are names of religions. This term should not be used to refer to a person. The term Arabian was historically used to describe an inhabitant of the Arabian Peninsula. The following questions about basic Muslim beliefs 2 through 12 are answered in accord with the scholars mentioned above, reflecting majority Sunni views.
What does Islam teach? There are six major beliefs in Islam and five central practices that are referred to as the Five Pillars. The last dimension of Islam focuses on the cultivation of excellent moral character to better oneself and the world around oneself. It teaches a set of values that promote life, liberty, equality and justice.
Some of these values include: Respect for the earth and all creatures Care and compassion for those less fortunate The importance of seeking knowledge Honesty and truthfulness in word and deed Striving continuously to improve oneself and the world 3. What are the major beliefs of Muslims? The six major beliefs in Islam, as understood by the majority of Sunni Muslims, are: How do Muslims practice their faith?
What are the foundational sources of Islamic beliefs and practices? Much of what is known about the Sunnah is from the collection of sayings or reports known as hadith, or prophetic tradition.
The hadith describe actions of the Prophet Muhammad or actions that his companions attributed to his teachings. Other sources may exist for different Muslim sects.
In addition to these primary sources, Muslims have also traditionally relied on the following:BLISS DIVINE By Sri Swami Sivananda.
BLISS DIVINE is an immortal work, a legacy for ages to come. It is a spiritual classic. It is Bible for the Christians, a Bhagavad-Gita for the Hindus, a Quran for the Muslims, a Zend-Avesta for the Parsis.
These are the sacred writings of the Ebionite Nazirene Disciple Allan Cronshaw - who, through the ability to recall his previous life as a Disciple of Christ, has restored Jesus' spiritual teachings.
Explain the importance of Christianity in the ethical decision making of adherents. Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus the Son of God. Christians, adherents of Christianity follow the Bible and its various teachings.
The Christian Ethical Teachings are based on the belief that the adherent is an image of god with intellect, free will and power of self determination.
The extent to which the ethical teaching impacts on a persons life is obviously dependent on how devoted to Christianity the adherents are The main ethical teachings which I will focus on are. Since Freemasonry has attempted so strenuously to claim that they are just a "good ole boy" fraternity that does good works and has a good time, most people will .
One of the most important ethical issues that a Jewish adherent may face is pollution, decisions must be made in favor of methods that involve less rather than greater destruction to the earth because according to Bal Toshkit in the Prophetic Vision, the destruction of God’s creation is prohibited.
The core ethical teachings of Judaism.