Environmental impacts of oil usage Climate change Texaco quits global warming group "The industry group that led the fight against a treaty to curb global warming has lost another member. The internal combustion engine contributes heavily to localized air pollution. The Huaorani have only in the last generation been exposed to such items as the wristwatch. But the modern world is reaching them quickly; for better or worse--usually worse--they live astride some of Ecuador's richest oilfields.
Understanding Internal Motivation Most schools and classrooms operate on the reward or punishment model, and use stimulus-response, behavior modification, or assertive discipline techniques.
Rooted in 19th-century wisdom, this model is based on the belief that human behavior is the result of environmental factors. Explaining the impetus for great works of art and other spontaneous human behaviors requires us to identify the shortcomings of the reward or punishment model and to reject it as incomplete.
Given that we've spent a century or so believing that external stimuli explain human behavior, teacher training programs typically require educators to learn how to systematically reward and punish students.
Many educators thus see themselves as responsible for shaping the behavior of students by extrinsically rewarding them for compliance. Yet ironically, our system of rewarding students for academic achievement devalues the very thing we say we want: We send an alarmingly clear message, even if it is unintended: According to William Powersdeveloper of perceptual control theory, one of the first articulated theories of internal control, People control their own experiences.
The only way you can truly force them to behave as you wish is through the threat or actuality of overwhelmingly superior physical force—and even that is only a temporary solution. Renowned author, consultant, and speaker Alfie Kohn notes: Young children don't need to be rewarded to learn. At any age rewards are less effective than intrinsic motivation for promoting effective learning.
Rewards for learning undermine intrinsic motivation. If the learner is doing the task to get the reward, it will be understood, on some level, that the task is inherently undesirable. Forget the use of rewards. Make school meaningful, relevant, and fun. Then you won't have to bribe students. What happens outside of us has a lot to do with what we choose to do, but the outside event does not cause our behavior.
What we get, and all we ever get, from the outside is information; how we choose to act on that information is up to us. To help you take full advantage of the case studies that make up the bulk of Activating the Desire to Learn, this chapter provides a comprehensive overview of internal control psychology with an emphasis on choice theory.
I highlight choice theory for several reasons: Choice theory is a fully developed theory of human behavior, not simply a collection of strategies.
William Glasser has been involved in schools for over 40 years. His ideas have stood the test of time and have improved the quality of education.
Choice theory is the approach I have practiced personally and professionally for more than 20 years. On the other hand, if you believe in free will and personal responsibility, then you must be troubled by the prevailing fascination with rewards, punishment, and the desire to externally control others.
If you believe that our accomplishments cannot be explained by enticements laced with the fear of being punished, then internal control psychology will make sense to you. You already sense that we are motivated from the inside out.
As someone who believes in personal responsibility, I reject the notion that I have been shaped by rewards and punishment. I accept responsibility for my success and my failure. Freedom, choice, and responsibility are the essence of humanity, and I embrace them fully.
I share that with the students, teachers, and parents I work with every day. It is why I have written this book.
It is what I believe. Motivation from the Inside Out Internal control psychology is based upon the belief that people are internally, not externally, motivated. Powerful instructions that are built into our genetic structure drive our behavior. The outside world, including all rewards and punishment, only provides us with information.
It does not make us do anything.
Our reliance on the principles of external control psychology has unwittingly spawned a population alarmingly unwilling to accept personal responsibility and to recognize that our lives are largely a product of the choices we make.RETAIL MANAGEMENT Retail Mix-Reliance Fresh Submitted By: Donna Antony P COMPANY PROFILE: Reliance Fresh is the convenience store format which forms part of the retail business of Reliance Industries of India which is headed by Mukesh Ambani The company already has in excess of reliance fresh outlets across the country.
Best Practices for Internal Audit in Government Departments 1. Introduction Traditionally, people understand internal audit as an activity of self imposed internal check.
Environmental Scanning in the Strategic Planning Process Hunger and Wheelen () divide the strategic planning process into four key stages, which comprise the following: scanning of the external and internal environment, development. automated control environment through the implementation of continuous audit modules.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate external auditors’ reliance on internal audit’s work when advanced audit techniques are introduced by the internal auditor and the impact this . Reliance Oilfield Services provides Oilfield services, Wireline, Electric line, Slickline, Plug Setting, Swabbing, Pipe recovery, Logging, Cement bond logs,Production logging services to the North American oil and gas industry.
Business environment is the constraints and opportunities that surround our businesses. This is about exploring the nature of the business in which it is being carried out. The analysis in this essay will be on business environment in which Reliance Industries Limited operates.