Image of Ardhanarishvara However, in a religious cosmology like Hinduismwhich prominently features female and androgynous deities, some gender transgression is allowed.
Instead of considering them as equal, many scholars refer to them as features that are likely to be related in different ways. In fact, the importance that authors give to good governance, is due to the impact it may have on development and economic growth.
According to Grindle the relevance of getting good governance comes precisely from its relationship with the development of a country and the reduction of poverty. In the construction of this "simpler" agenda, the idea is to revisit policies that have worked in the past, set priorities in a strategically way, consider policies with greater impact in alleviating poverty and reaching development, and look for innovative ways of implementing such policies.
In other words, scholars have been intrigued by the relationship between good governance and economic or political development. Grindle  mentions there are many relations to be found between indicators of good governance and economic growth, however those associations are difficult to measure and even harder to be attributed as causal.
Nevertheless, she mentions the work of Kauffman who found a causal and positive relationship between different dimensions of good governance and the GDP per capita in the long run, i.
These dimensions are how the government is elected and oversighted, the accountability power of citizens, the credibility in the government, the respect for institutions, both from government and citizens, and the effective delivery of public goods.
He found that the relation between these two variables does not hold in the reverse direction, meaning that higher levels of economic growth do not lead to better governance. For example, Quain points out that China and Vietnam are frequent examples of countries that have made remarkable leaps in economic development and poverty reduction, but nevertheless retain many characteristics of poor governance.
In international affairs IR [ edit ] In international affairs, analysis of good governance can look at any of the following relationships: Legislation has been enacted in an attempt to influence good governance in corporate affairs.
Whistleblowing has also been widely used by corporations to expose corruption and fraudulent activity. According to Fukuyama there are two dimensions to qualify governance as good or bad: They both complement, in the sense that when the state is more capable, for instance through the collection of taxes, there should be more autonomy because the bureaucrats are able to conduct things well without being instructed with a lot of details.
In less capable states, however, less discretion and more rules setting are desirable. Another way to think about good governance is through outcomes.
Since governments carry out with goals like the provision of public goods to its citizens, there is no better way to think about good governance other than through deliverables, which are precisely the one demanded by citizens, like security, health, education, water, the enforcement of contracts, protection to property, protection to the environment and their ability to vote and get paid fair wages.
Lawson differs with him in that this impartial application of law ignores important factors like the economic liberalism, which matters due to its relation with economic growth. In local governments[ edit ] Good governance is argued to be the most important in local governments. It tries to promote more relationships between government and Neighborhood councils Community councils Good governance with local government aims to increase civil engagement with more members of the community in order to get the best options that serves the people.
The method for this experiment included injecting stratospheric sulfur aerosols into the Earth's atmosphere.
The criteria or "stage-gate" that they must pass before performing their experiment included the following; identify safe and principle risks, test must be compliant with relevant regulations, future applications and impacts, and mechanisms put in place to review these in the light of new information, and that the stakeholders must be regarded and taken into account.
Before research can be conducted in the field of geoengineering it must be scrutinized using good governance to ensure testing isn't harmful to the environment and to detail all the possible risks that may occur.
Each movement for reform establishes criteria for what they consider good governance based on their own needs and agendas. The following are examples of good governance standards for prominent organizations in the international community. According to former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan"Good governance is ensuring respect for human rights and the rule of law; strengthening democracy; promoting transparency and capacity in public administration.
Rule of Law - Legal framework should be enforced impartially, especially on human right laws. Consensus Oriented - Mediates differing interests to meet the broad consensus on the best interests of a community.
Equity and Inclusiveness - People should have opportunities to improve or maintain their well-being. Effectiveness and Efficiency - Processes and institutions should be able to produce results that meet the needs of their community while making the best of their resources.
Accountability - Governmental institutions, private sectors, and civil society organizations should be held accountable to the public and institutional stakeholders.
Transparency - Information should be accessible to the public and should be understandable and monitored.
Responsiveness - Institutions and processes should serve all stakeholders. Inthe IMF declared "promoting good governance in all its aspects, including by ensuring the rule of law, improving the efficiency and accountability of the public sector, and tackling corruption, as essential elements of a framework within which economies can prosper".The school principal is the highest-ranking administrator in an elementary, middle, or high school.
Principals typically report directly to the school superintendent, but may report to the superintendent's designee, usually an associate superintendent, in larger school districts. There Are No Technology Shortcuts to Good Education. Kentaro Toyama. There are no technology shortcuts to good education.
For primary and secondary schools that are underperforming or limited in resources, efforts to improve education should focus almost exclusively on . Sitting perfectly on your DT carousel or as a subject in its own right, there is a way to teach DEC that suits you and your students.
Free team building games, exercises, business games and activities for team building, training, motivation, kids activities and children's party games.
Free team building games for conferences, warm-ups, ice-breakers and training sessions. Free online resources for work and life from barnweddingvt.com Brown v. Board of Education Summary of a Fourteenth Amendment Landmark case: Brown v.
Board of Education U.S. (). Facts In cases brought in Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware, African American children sought admission to the public schools in their community on a nonsegregated basis. Early childhood education, which has expanded from a half-day of kindergarten to full-day programs for three-year-olds, particularly in school districts serving low-income families, requires changes in .