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Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of waste. In public health terms, the main source of this hazard is from human and animal feaces. Other sources include solid waste and domestic wastewater. Therefore, any intervention that seeks to separate these waste from humans is termed sanitation.
Sanitation or sanitation interventions could be in form of hardware e. Available figures show that 2. It also showed that about 1. Statistics from various studies conducted have pointed to the enormous number of people that lack adequate sanitation worldwide and this has prompted some interventions and target setting by organisations across the world.
These targets underscores the importance of sanitation among human population and is geared at creating awareness through all levels of government to the burden that lack of sanitation poses to the people. This essay shall describe the benefits that comes with sanitation in developing countries with references to buttress the importance of achieving this targets and what is at stake to be gained.
Health is wealth as it is commonly said. So, the health status of a community or family has a great role to play in their livelihood. Diarrhoeal diseases are mainly of feaco-oral route and they account for around 1. Many of these deaths are under five children in developing countries.
From the work of Black K. Apart from diarrhoeal diseases, other diseases such as Schistosomiasis, Trachoma and Intestinal helminths causes lots of morbidity episodes and death in a lot of cases. The table below shows the morbidity and mortality rates of selected water, sanitation and hygiene related diseases.
It can be seen from the table that all these high morbidity and mortality causing diseases are related to unsanitary disposal of excreta. With good sanitation practice, a very good substantial reduction to these figures can be achieved and the general health situation in the developing world would be greatly improved.
Even in a situation of good water supply, without sanitation in place, high risk of contamination in households still exist.
Feaco-oral diseases transmission routes and interventions to stop them Source: Overall, sanitation directly improves the health of a community or household by reducing morbidity and mortality. These health improvements indirectly translate to economic benefits. In addition to the benefits sanitation brings to health, it also generates economic benefits.INTRODUCTION.
This essay seeks to highlight with references four of the major benefits of sanitation in developing countries.
Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of waste. - Sanitation and Medicine Changes in the Nineteenth Century The revolution in sanitation and medicine in the nineteenth century was a huge step forward in the public health movement.
It brought about a major shift in the ideas of how individuals fell ill with a particular disease. The burden of water-related diseases curtails efforts to improve public health in the developing world. Diarrhea – most often related to unsafe drinking water, poor sanitation and inadequate hygiene – is one of the leading causes of .
View Sanitation (History of Public Health) Research Papers on barnweddingvt.com for free. SANITATION AND PUBLIC HEALTH Improving quality sanitation is a world-wide desire as it will; Improve human health, Generate economic benefits, Contribute to human dignity and social development, Sustain the environment, Minimize and reduce poverty.
Improving quality sanitation is a world-wide desire as it will; Improve human health, Generate economic benefits, Contribute to human dignity and social development, Sustain the environment, Minimize and reduce poverty.