The crimes against humanity

The term or very similar terms was used in the context of slavery and the slave trade, and to describe atrocities associated with European colonialism in Africa and elsewhere such as, for example, the atrocities committed by Leopold II of Belgium in the Congo Free State.

The crimes against humanity

Thus the report covers all corners of Cambodia, from the densely populated south to the jungle-clad north, from the remote reaches of the east to the far western rice bowl, and provinces in Cambodia's heartland around the Great Lake.

Photographs of Crimes Against Humanity during the Holocaust

As in previous years' work, there is a depressing uniformity of findings: It happened everywhere, and it happened in much the same way across the country. This confirms that the Khmer Rouge terror was both massive and systematic, which meets one of the key criteria in the definition of crimes against humanity.

A brief review of some of this year's findings drives home this stark reality. In assessing his subject, Chandler argues that torture was one thing that made S, the headquarters of the Khmer Rouge secret police, unique in the nation-wide network of Democratic Kampuchea's internal security centers: The evidence generated by interviews with hundreds of witnesses to events at these same provincial prisons, gathered over the last five years by DC-Cam investigators, does not always correspond with this conclusion.

Indeed, various forms of torture seem to have been common at most of the zone- region- and district-level prisons operated by Khmer Rouge security forces throughout Cambodia, and sometimes it was used to extract admissions of guilt from the prisoners. The data bears this out.

For example, four witnesses who were detained by the Khmer Rouge in Kampong Thom Province at two different prisons there, Tradet and Wat Baray Choan Dek, testified that they were beaten so savagely by guards that their ribs were broken. Given their continuing ill health, the beatings may also have inflicted various internal injuries on these victims.

As with so many who The crimes against humanity the inside of Khmer Rouge prisons, they still bear scars on their legs, from the deep wounds caused by the crude shackles which restrained them, in itself a form of torture.

The same story of brutal beatings by guards is told by Mr.

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Cap Bun of Kampong Thom Province, who relates how guards at Tradet prison also beat him so severely that he coughed up blood. In Siem Reap Province, it was the same.

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Aum Soeun of Banteay Srei sub-district describes prisoners who were tied up and tortured at Wat Tbeng. In Kratie Province, others also tell of severe torture.

Nhi, was to bury prisoners alive up to their necks in the earth. At another location in Kratie, prisoners at the Kanh Chor commune prison were tortured; Mr. He also recalls that many prisoners were starved to death. One peculiar form of torture, which seems to have been inflicted merely for the sake of tormenting the prisoners, is recounted by a woman who was held in a facility at Wat Khnol Roka in Kandal Province.

For example, in Kampong Chhnang, at a site called Prey Trapeang Ampil, the witness Bin Met asserted that Khmer Rouge cadres routinely raped the women prisoners before killing them.

This, too, can only be classified as a type of deliberate torture.

Key features

It may be correct, as Chandler asserts, that torture for the purpose of extracting confessions was not used, as systematically in the lower-tier facilities of the Khmer Rouge prison system, as it was at the apex of the system, S And it certainly seems to be true that the methodology of torture was much more highly refined at S than it was in the bush leagues of the Khmer Rouge extermination apparatus.

More often than not, torture at the zone- region- district- commune- and village-level prisons was done with the bare hands or with simple wooden or metal implements, beating the prisoners until they were bleeding and senseless, or dead.

Again and again in accounts of life and death in the lower levels of the Khmer Rouge prison system, we hear that guards often shackled certain classes of prisoners, and then left them restrained in custody without food and sometimes without water, until they expired from starvation or dehydration.

This appears to have amounted to a very deliberate low-tech and low-impact form of execution. See, for example, the story of Prey Damrei Srot prison, as told by Mr. I would maintain that this practice, which seems to have been widespread, constitutes a particularly cruel form of torture, albeit not in the traditional understanding of torture.

The crimes against humanity

To be slowly starved to death in a roomful of similarly suffering victims seems to me to be a much more excruciating and horrible way to die than simply being marched off to a mass grave pit and smashed on the back of the head with an iron bar. Killing Beyond torture, the principal function of the network of Khmer Rouge security centers seems to have been to physically eliminate perceived enemies of the regime.

A fantastic number of people were killed. The list of reasons why people were killed is shocking in itself. Simply having been a policeman, soldier or civil servant during a previous regime was adequate to earn the death sentence.

This information conforms to a pattern we have seen in all five years of the mass grave mapping reports.The government of Uganda has utterly failed to hold security forces accountable for nine killings during protests in April Ricci's CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY is an essential read for anyone with a relative, friend, or client who suffers from mental retardation.

Holding nothing back, Ricci recounts the horrendously inhumane conditions of Belchertown State School in Massachusetts during the s and '60s, his formation of an advocacy group to support the retarded and their families, and a year landmark federal.

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World War I was the first major international conflict to take place following the codification of war crimes at the Hague Convention of , including derived war crimes, such as the use of poisons as weapons, as well as crimes against humanity, and derivative crimes against humanity, such as torture, and .

Ricci's CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY is an essential read for anyone with a relative, friend, or client who suffers from mental retardation. Holding nothing back, Ricci recounts the horrendously inhumane conditions of Belchertown State School in Massachusetts during the s and '60s, his formation of an advocacy group to support the retarded .

Crimes against humanity (Source picture: Wikipedia) back to top Origin. The phrase ‘crimes against humanity’ was first employed internationally in a declaration by the governments of Great Britain, France and Russia which condemned the Turkish government for the alleged massacres of Armenians as “crimes against humanity and civilization for which all the members of the Turkish.

World Report Uganda | Human Rights Watch