Early years[ edit ] Petters was raised with six siblings in St. He worked at the tailor, fur and fabric shop founded by his great-grandfather and operated by his family for over years. Inwhile still in high school, he started Ear Electronics, a mail-order stereo company aimed at college students. Petters completed only one semester of college before dropping out to pursue a career.
Beverly, Harriet, Madison, and Eston Hemings. Jefferson did not grant freedom to any other enslaved family unit. Look Closer at The Life of Sally Hemings The claim that Thomas Jefferson fathered children with Sally Hemings, a enslaved woman at Monticello, entered the public arena during Jefferson's first term as president, and it has remained a subject of discussion and disagreement for two centuries.
Callendera disaffected former ally of Jefferson, wrote in a Richmond newspaper that Jefferson had for many years "kept, as his concubine, one of his own slaves. Although there had been rumors of a sexual relationship between Jefferson and an enslaved woman beforeCallender's article spread the story widely.
It was taken up by Jefferson's Federalist opponents and was published in many newspapers during the remainder of Jefferson's presidency. Jefferson's policy was to offer no public response to personal attacks, and he apparently made no explicit public or private comment on this question although a private letter of has been interpreted by some individuals as a denial of the story.
Sally Hemings left no known accounts. Jefferson's daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph privately denied the published reports. Two of her children, Ellen Randolph Coolidge and Thomas Jefferson Randolphmaintained many years later that such a liaison was not possible, on both moral and practical grounds.
They also stated that Jefferson's nephews Peter and Samuel Carr were the fathers of the light-skinned Monticello slaves some thought to be Jefferson's children because they resembled him. The Jefferson-Hemings story was sustained through the 19th century by Northern abolitionists, British critics of American democracy, and others.
Its vitality among the American population at large was recorded by European travelers of the time. Through the 20th century, some historians accepted the possibility of a Jefferson-Hemings connection and a few gave it credence, but most Jefferson scholars found the case for such a relationship unpersuasive.
Over the years, however, belief in a Thomas Jefferson-Sally Hemings relationship was perpetuated in private. The results of the study established that an individual carrying the male Jefferson Y chromosome fathered Eston Hemings bornthe last known child born to Sally Hemings.
There were approximately 25 adult male Jeffersons who carried this chromosome living in Virginia at that time, and a few of them are known to have visited Monticello.
The study's authors, however, said "the simplest and most probable" conclusion was that Thomas Jefferson had fathered Eston Hemings. Madison Hemings, Sally's second-youngest son, said in that his mother had been pregnant with Jefferson's child who, he said, lived "but a short time" when she returned from France in There is no indication in Jefferson's records of a child born to Hemings beforeand there are no known documents to support that Thomas Woodson was Hemings's first child.
Shortly after the DNA test results were released in Novemberthe Thomas Jefferson Foundation formed a research committee consisting of nine members of the foundation staff, including four with Ph. Since then, a committee commissioned by the Thomas Jefferson Heritage Society, after reviewing essentially the same material, reached different conclusions, namely that Sally Hemings was only a minor figure in Thomas Jefferson's life and that it is very unlikely he fathered any of her children.
This committee also suggested in its report, issued in April and revised inthat Jefferson's younger brother Randolph was more likely the father of at least some of Sally Hemings's children. From the Historical Record The following summarizes what is known about Sally Hemings and her family.
Sally Hemings was a slave at Monticello; she lived in Paris with Jefferson and two of his daughters from to ; and, she had at least six children. Sally Hemings's duties included being a nursemaid-companion to Thomas Jefferson's daughter Maria ca. There are no known images of Sally Hemings and only four known descriptions of her appearance or demeanor.
Sally Hemings left no known written accounts.
It is not known if she was literate. In the few scattered references to Sally Hemings in Thomas Jefferson's records and correspondence, there is nothing to distinguish her from other members of her family. Thomas Jefferson was at Monticello at the likely conception times of Sally Hemings's six known children.
There are no records suggesting that she was elsewhere at these times, or records of any births at times that would exclude Jefferson paternity. There are no indications in contemporary accounts by people familiar with Monticello that Sally Hemings's children had different fathers.
Sally Hemings's children were light-skinned, and three of them daughter Harriet and sons Beverly and Eston lived as members of white society as adults.
According to contemporary accounts, some of Sally Hemings's children strongly resembled Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson freed all of Sally Hemings's children: Beverly and Harriet were allowed to leave Monticello in ; Madison and Eston were released in Jefferson's will.
Jefferson gave freedom to no other nuclear slave family. Thomas Jefferson did not free Sally Hemings. She was permitted to leave Monticello by his daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph not long after Jefferson's death inand went to live with her sons Madison and Eston in Charlottesville.Roy Nabors has been a ramp agent for Southwest Airlines for seven years.
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Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Years after his wife’s death, Thomas Jefferson fathered at least six of Sally Hemings’s children. Four survived to adulthood and are mentioned in Jefferson’s plantation records: Beverly, Harriet, Madison, and .