Kodi is a home theater app that acts as a library management tool for all your media, while the Amazon Fire TV Stick is a streaming device that provides access to Netflix, Hulu, Amazon Prime Video, etc. However, although Kodi and the Amazon Fire are both great for their flexibility, users could easily find themselves in hot water if they use these tools for the wrong purposes. As a species, we typically wish to gain maximum reward for minimal effort.
The Canadian statute also provides for moral rights, which belong to the creator of the work. They cannot be assigned but can be waived. What Qualifies for Copyright Protection? To be protected by copyright, a creation must fit within one or more of the recognized categories of subject matter.
The basic categories of "works" are literary, dramatic, artistic or musical. A work must be "fixed" in a more or less permanent form before it will receive copyright protection.
The particular storage medium is irrelevant. As well, the work must be of a sufficient size in order to be protected.
Traditionally, song or book titles were too short to constitute a literary work and were denied copyright protection. Usually, a work will be original where it involves the creator's own expression rather than copying from another source.
In the case of compilations, the United States Supreme Court has ruled that a compilation must show originality in either the arrangement or the selection of its data. In Feist Publications Inc. Rural Telephone Service Company Inc. The directory failed to display originality in either its arrangement all subscribers listed alphabetically by last name or its selection all subscribers within a particular area.
Traditionally, Canadian and English courts have provided a higher level of protection to compilations; they have protected compilations on the basis of the labour spent by the creator rather than the originality of the work, 23 which is sometimes referred to as the "sweat of the brow" test.
However, the definition of a compilation included in the Canadian Copyright Act in suggests that selection and arrangement of data are the key elements necessary to qualify for copyright protection. American Business Information, Inc.
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The court explicitly avoided dealing with whether Feist should be adopted in Canada. Instead, the court focussed on the particular facts of the case, concluding that Tele-Direct exercised only a minimal degree of skill, judgment or labour in its overall arrangement which was insufficient to support a claim of originality in the compilation so as to warrant copyright protection.
A basic principle of copyright is that it will protect original expression but will not protect the general ideas or facts being expressed. Note that copyright will not prevent others from taking a particular fact from the compilation, expressing it in their own manner and then using it for their own purposes.
On the other hand, copyright does protect ideas in the limited sense that it will protect certain levels of abstraction of a work, such as the plot of a movie or book.
In the case of software, courts have ruled that copyright will protect the "structure, sequence and organization" of a program.
To receive protection under the Copyright Act of Canada, the work must either be created in Canada or be created by a citizen of a group of countries who have agreed to offer reciprocal rights to Canadian authors in their countries.
Registration of a work makes it easier to prove the author's copyright at a later date, but registration is not necessary in order for copyright to arise. What is Copyright Infringement?
Copyright prevents the copying of all or a substantial part of a work. Whether a portion of a work is "substantial" is a subjective question, which includes a consideration of both the quality and quantity of the portion.
There can be copyright infringement where only a small portion of the work is copied but the portion is of great qualitative importance in the original.
As former Beatle George Harrison learned, unconscious copying of a portion of a work may amount to infringement. The first is direct infringement, where the defendant has copied the whole or a substantial part of the work.
The second is contributory infringement, where the defendant has authorized another to make infringing copies of the work.
For example, in Sony Corp. Universal City Studios 35 the U. Supreme Court rejected a claim that a manufacturer of video cassette recorders was liable for contributory infringement because people might use them to make unauthorized copies of copyright movies shown on television.
The court reasoned that there were other, legitimate uses for video cassette recorders, such as using the VCR to temporarily "time-shift" programs. Because the machines were capable of substantial non-infringing uses their sale did not amount to contributory infringement.Gift of Fire Social, Legal, and Etical Issues for Computing Technology [SARA BAASE] on barnweddingvt.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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